the man his art On the experts Fakes & Forgeries On the market
from Born to Venice Drawings Past experts Myth and reality on his fakes The market
Arrival to Paris Sculpture Catalogues done in the past Famous forgers trust in the market?
Becoming an artist Painting Actual /Living experts known and undoubted fakes Auctions & Modigliani
on the path All the attributed works Catalogues of actual experts how to detect a fake Galleries & Museums
The artist Exhibitions during his lifetime How should an expertise must be done what to do with forgeries and forgers Famous collectors fromt the past to actual times
The myth Exhibitions until today News on the experts Art Historians, a trustable source? News on the market
Selected bibliography on him News on his art References  and Bibliography on the experts references on fakes & forgeries references & links on the market

" Trust not too much to appearances. "

- Virgil

The LIST could be so enormous that it will require to get his own page, but this is not my task so I will just show some highlights:

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EXPERTS AUTHENTICATING FAKES BY Wolfgang Beltracchi:


Art expert Werner Spies, who authenticated a fake Max Ernst painting.
(LINK)

After he arrived for questioning at the State Office of Criminal Investigation (LKA) in Berlin, Werner Spies started off by telling investigators that he was the world's only expert on the works of the artist Max Ernst. Spies, an eminent German art historian, said that he first met the great surrealist in 1966, and he remains in close contact with Ernst's widow, the 100-year-old artist Dorothea Tanning. He was then questioned for a total of six hours...

This German art forger was discovered when someone decided to do an xray to a painting and they saw there was no lead white, so then they decided to finally do a pygment analysis and the all the plot exploded...

Here is a list of the discovered fakes
by the moment, but have in mind they all gone to the main experts and ended in major auction houses ( he was not selling using ebay, he used sothebys-christies, etc...)

See link to visual list

1. Campendonk, Heinrich; Mädchen mit Schwan (Girl with Swan)
2. Campendonk, Heinrich; Kleines Bild mit Pferden (Landscape with Horses)
3. Campendonk, Heinrich; Rotes Bild mit Pferden (Red painting with Horses)
4. Derain, Andre Collioure (Collioure)
5. Ernst, Max; Waldbild (Forest Painting)
6. Ernst, Max; Kleine Weisse Landschaft (Small White Landscape)
7. Friesz, Emil Othon; La Ciotat (La Ciotat)
8. Herbin, Auguste; Kubistisches Frauenbild (Femme Assise)
9. Kisling, Moishe; Blumenbild 1 (Flower painting 1)
10.Kisling, Moishe; Blumenbild 2 (Flower painting 2)
11. Loiseau, Gustav; Kleines Winterbild Paris (Small Winter painting Paris)
12. Marcoussis, Louis; Kleines Cubistisches Stilleben (Small Cubist Still-Life)
13. Leger, Fernand; Kubistisches Stilleben (Cubist Still-Life)
14. Mense, Carlo; Kleine Ansicht Waidmarkt — (Small view of the Waidmarkt)
15. Pechstein, Max; Frauenakt (Nude Woman)
16. Pechstein, Max Seine Paris (Seine, Paris)
17. Purrmann, Hans; Sudliche Landschafte (Southern Landscape)
18. Metzinger, Jean; Cycliste (oval)
19. Ernst, Max; La Horde
20. Dongen, Kees van; Frauenportrait mit Hut (Portrait of Woman with Hat)
21. Dufy, Raoul; Le Havre
22. Marcoussis, Louis; Portrait d'Alfred Flechtheim
23. Gleizes, Albert
24. Derain, Andre; Boote in Collioure (Boats in Collioure)
25. Ernst, Max; La Mer
26. Ernst, Max; Tremblement de Terre
27. Campendonk, Heinrich; Else Laske-Schule Gewidmet (Dedicated to Else Laske-Schule)
28. Nauen, Heinrich; Herbstwald (Autumn Forest)
29. Campendonk, Heinrich; Zwei Figuren in Landschaft (Two Figures in Landscape)
30. Metzinger, Jean; Cubistisches Frauenbild (Cubist Painting of Women)
31. Hayden, Henry; Stilleben 1921 (Still-life 1921)
32. Ernst, Max; Oiseaux
33. Herbin, Auguste; Hafenbild (Harbour Painting)
34. Ernst, Max; La Foret
35. Metzinger, Jean; Le Cycliste
36. Ernst, Max; Vogel in Winterlandschaft (Bird in Winter Landscape)
37. Campendonk, Heinrich; Liegender Akt mit Frosch (Reclining Nude with Frog)
38. Lhote, Andre; Course Cycliste a Bordeaux
39. Derain, Andre; Matisse Peignant
40. Dufy, Raoul; Gebaude im Wald (Building in a Forest), (not original title)
41. Butler, Theodore Karl; River Epte, Giverny
42. Braques, Georges; Guitare le Compotier
43. Braques, Georges; Souvenirs d'Anvers
44. Friesz, Emil Othon; Port d'Anvers
45. Macke, August; Hafenbild (Harbour Painting)
46. Campendonk, Heinrich; Katze in Berglandschaft (Cat in Mountain Landscape)
47. Moll, Oskar; Stilleben mit Fruchteschale (Still life with Fruit Bowl)
48. Marcoussis, Louis; Stilleben Composition Cubiste (14th July) (Still-life Cubist Composition)
49. Marcoussis, Louis; Kleines Cubistisches Stilleben (Small Cubist Still-life), Paris
50. Herbin, Auguste; Femmes et Enfants
51. Filla Emil; Homme et Oiseaux
52. Herbin, Auguste; Rue de Village
53. Hayden, Henry; Nature Morte a la Guitare
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Peter Paul Rubens - "The Massacre of the Innocents" (c.1611-12)


Part of the Liechtenstein Prince Collection in Vienna, Austria.
Along with another masterpiece, by Rubens, Samson and Delilah.

Miscatalogued by Vincenzio Fanti in 1767.

It was attributed to one of Rubens' assistants:
Jan van den Hoecke, so then it became "after Rubens".

The work was sold at auction at Sotheby's, London on July 10, 2002 for £49.5 million after reattribution .



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The Faun by " Gaugin" - (Shaun Greenhalgh, english forger)

A half-man, half-goat ceramic figure by 19th century French artist Paul Gauguin that has delighted art fans for more than a decade decade has been revealed to be fake.

"The Faun" sculpture was on display at the Art Institute of Chicago for 10 years.

The museum bought it from a London dealer, Libby Howie for $125,000, who had acquired it at a Sotheby’s auction in 1994 for £20,700.


The Faun was authenticated by the Wildenstein Institute in Paris.

Their catalogue raisonné had not yet been published when the sculpture was sold on 30 November, but the auction house had received a letter two weeks beforehand indicating that the Faun was incorporated in it.




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Diego Velázquez, "Portrait of a Man", ca. 1630. (Met Museum, NY)

A History of Attribution:

Acquired as by Anthony van Dyck in 1854.
Identified as Velázquez by British collector-connoisseur Sir H. Hume Campbell.
1857 - Sold to George V, King of Hannover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Duke of Cumberland as a Velázquez self-portrait.
1917 - Published by scholar August Mayer as a Velázquez self-portrait; he subsequently revises his attribution, suggesting instead Velázquez's pupil Juan Bautista Mazo.
1925 - Acquired by Duveen Brothers, which has it cleaned and restored. Mayer reexamines it and reaffirms that it is a Velázquez self-portrait.
1955 - A leading Spanish scholar, who finds that the picture—by then obfuscated by a thick, yellowed varnish—lacks the artist's rich subtlety and frankness of execution, questions the attribution to Velázquez.
1963 - Velázquez scholar José López-Rey catalogues the work as "school piece." The picture gradually drops out of consideration.
1979 - Museum downgrades the attribution to "workshop of Velázquez."
2009- Removal of discolored varnish and extensive retouching from 1925 reveals a picture of great quality with all the hallmarks of Velázquez's mastery.

Velázquez scholar Jonathan Brown examines the picture and confirms the attribution to the artist.

The same Jonathan Brown that considered the painting as a lesser work in previous years...


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Leonardo da Vinci,"Salvator Mundi"

A painting by Leonardo da Vinci that was lost for centuries has been authenticated by distinguished scholars in the United States and Europe and will be exhibited at London's National Gallery as part of a Leonardo show that opens November 2011.


The painting, Salvator Mundi, or "Savior of the World," depicts Christ with his right hand raised in blessing and his left hand holding a globe. It is painted in oil on a wood panel and measures 26 by 18 1/2 inches in size.

Only known by old engravings previously, the present artwork was attributed. to second grade artists as a later bad copy until 2011.

"It's up there with any artistic discovery of the last 100 years," said one scholar.

One scholar said that the consortium had turned down an offer of $100 million for the painting. "I was told they're asking $200 million for it"...

Is it the original or a later copy or studio painting, who knows...


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Hendrick ter Brugghen, "Crucifixion with Virgin and Saint John" Ca. 1624-25 (MET Museum NY)

Hendrick ter Brugghen (1588 - 1629)
The Crucifixion with the Virgin and Saint John Ca. 1624-25
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Provenance:

Christ Church, South Hackney, London (about 1898?)
-1956; sold for £75 to Foxell); Nigel Foxell, Oxford.

(1956; sale, Sotheby's, London, November 28, 1956, no. 115, to Sperling for MMA)

What a fine Biz done by someone...

 




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Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio , Saint Augustine, Ca. 1600

Unknown Caravaggio painting unearthed in Britain

The painting, an intimate depiction of Saint Augustine dated to 1600, was found by a dealer in a private collection.

"It has never been published. What looked like an anonymous 17th-century painting revealed its artistic qualities after restoration."

The painting fits in to Caravaggio's oeuvre around 1600, when his style was sculptural and monumental, with powerful movement and emotional expression.

Overlooked in a private collection, where it was considered the work of an anonymous hand, documentary evidence has now been unearthed to support the attribution.

Although covered in old varnishes and repaints, its potential was spotted by Clovis Whitfield, a British art historian and dealer with a track record in discovery.

The painting can be traced to one of Caravaggio's most powerful patrons in Rome, Vincenzo Giustiniani. A Saint Augustine of similar dimensions 120cm by 99 cm. is recorded in his 1638 inventory.


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Leonardo da Vinci,"La bella principessa"


The work appeared in a Christie's sale on January , 1998, in New York, called Young Girl in Profile in Renaissance Dress and catalogued as early 19th-century German, sold for $19,000. LINK

Sold again in 2007, estimated by various newspaper reports to be worth more than $160 million.

The attribution stills on dispute because the ex owner started a lawsuit against Christies that claims that no matter how many proofs they can find in their opinion it stills being a german work

see an interesting link by national geographic


Link to the page of prof. Martin Kemp who has demostrated the authorship of Leonardo


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knoedler & co. fakes scandal

Frank Stella Served as an Impromptu Art Authenticator

Art dealers and collectors weren't the only ones who believed the disputed paintings were genuine. It turns out the legendary artist Frank Stella, a contemporary of the Abstract Expressionists, was also brought in to inspect several of the paintings Rosales had passed on to Knoedler, and even he was impressed. "Each one is too good to be true, but seeing them in context, as a group, makes one realize they are true," Stella reportedly told Freedman in 2006, according to court documents. (It's also worth noting that when Freedman left Knoedler amid accusations that some of the Robert Motherwell works she sold were forgeries, Frank Stella followed her to her new gallery, Freedman Art.LINK




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And this is just a few ones, I could be the rest of my life filling pages with mistakes done by the "TRUSTABLE" experts...

More to come...

Click to see :

- Mistakes done
- Art historians by name
- On Modigliani
- How to do an expertise>>>>