the man his art On the experts Fakes & Forgeries On the market
from Born to Venice Drawings Past experts Myth and reality on his fakes The market
Arrival to Paris Sculpture Catalogues done in the past Famous forgers trust in the market?
Becoming an artist Painting Actual /Living experts known and undoubted fakes Auctions & Modigliani
on the path All the attributed works Catalogues of actual experts how to detect a fake Galleries & Museums
The artist Exhibitions during his lifetime How should an expertise must be done what to do with forgeries and forgers Famous collectors fromt the past to actual times
The myth Exhibitions until today News on the experts Art Historians, a trustable source? News on the market
Selected bibliography on him News on his art References  and Bibliography on the experts references on fakes & forgeries references & links on the market

"Men trust their ears less than their eyes."

- Herodotus

The main reason to create this web page was to give public light to what many art historians / Connoisseurs, museums, curators and the so called experts want to keep in private so they can still profit from people outside the art world, so the answer is:

(And this No is No no matter what excuse you may have. no matter how many publications, certificates, credentials, or whatever you or they have, provide, or say they will get.)

Yes, we need them. They are necessary in some cases but that doesn't mean they are trustworthy.
When you decide to buy a house, investments, gold, etc. you ask for the security that you are getting what you are paying for.

Art must have the same guarantee and the opinion of art historians/Connoisseurs is not one...

In case of any doubt check the Knoedler & Co scandal and read how some of the most reputable experts gave an
opinion orally and then decided to act as if they hadn't given anything, to avoid paying...

Click here to read it >>


Here I provide some examples to show how the art historians/Connoisseurs no matter how prestigious, glorious, supported or incredibly intelligent they are or were, can't be trusted.

(when an opinion converts oil and canvas into money you must be very very sure and only science can give you that 100% security)


Opinions from art historians/Connoisseurs, dealers, experts,etc. all the certificates you pay for or the warranty you think you have, are limited to the time of 10-15 years or to the life of the expeditor, (the main auction houses don't even accept claims on it after 2 years from sale.)


You have an "OPINION", no matter how published it could be, from time to time it will be easily in doubt, and as soon as the "expert/dealer/art historian/Connoisseurs/son, cousin, maid, etc..." loses power (death reaches us all) you will have to pay for a new one, that means you first have to be aware there is a new expert ("the main cock in town") and then find him to get his "opinion," usually the pupils of the experts gain fame by placing doubts on their seniors' work...

And remember, the phrase "but I bought it at Sotheby's, Christie's, Bonhams, etc." is not a valid answer.  All the auction biz relies on the "opinion" of an expert, but their biz is to auction not to expertise...
They don't accept claims because they only auction, do not expertise works, the "EXPERT" is the one who does it.

(then you can go and place a lawsuit to a death expert...)
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................

More to come...


1- Myths on his fakes......................... click here>>
2- Famous ones................................. click here>>
3- How to do an expertise.................. click here >>