the man his art On the experts Fakes & Forgeries On the market
from Born to Venice Drawings Past experts Myth and reality on his fakes The market
Arrival to Paris Sculpture Catalogues done in the past Famous forgers trust in the market?
Becoming an artist Painting Actual /Living experts known and undoubted fakes Auctions & Modigliani
on the path All the attributed works Catalogues of actual experts how to detect a fake Galleries & Museums
The artist Exhibitions during his lifetime How should an expertise must be done what to do with forgeries and forgers Famous collectors fromt the past to actual times
The myth Exhibitions until today News on the experts Art Historians, a trustable source? News on the market
Selected bibliography on him News on his art References  and Bibliography on the experts references on fakes & forgeries references & links on the market


As with many others, they are crucial in the development of his own language, but in the case of Modigliani they can be a little bit harder to work with.

"Imagine you are in a night disco with friends and a drunken artist that looks like a homeless person comes to you asking for a cigar or a free drink and in exchange he will make you a drawing, what would you do?"
Answer:
Get rid of the drunk. You can get in a fight or give him a few coins/drink/cigar to get rid of him and throw the "thing" into the trash...
Yes it sounds cruel but that was the real destiny of many of his drawings, only a few were done for serious selling and well preserved (as for instance the P. Alexandre collection).


That is the main reason why the fakers filled the need for drawings of an ever willing public, to get more from the market
(less expensive= more customers= more production).

They were fast works, undocumented and easy to sell after his death.

Only in recent times forensic support is available for paper works.
(difficult methods that require money lots of time and do not assure 100% security)

Any "EXPERT" who tried (or tries) to do a catalogue raisonné on this issue has some hard work ahead of him.

Presently only Christian Parisot and Marc Restellini* are up to it, here I include some of their last entries I have discovered over the net:

*Various sources inform that Restellini cancelled the project because of legal problems and that he even received treats to his own security."

External Link >>


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PLEASE NOTE:

I DO NOT SAY THAT ANY OF THESE ARTWORKS ARE FAKES OR ORIGINALS, I JUST SHOW THEM AS AN EXAMPLE OF HIS INVESTIGATIONS, WORKS, AND DISCOVERIES.

I AM NOT AUTHORIZED TO DO THIS KIND OF APPRECIATION.


Marc Restellini, informed he was not going to do the catalogue in 2002 , but can someone explain to me how this drawing has a number of catalogue entry from 2009? (I do not understand it well, he said it was cancelled in 2002? but still giving numbers???)

Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920) L'Apache, Gouache sur papier, Signée en bas à droite. 30 x 21,5 cm
Gouache on paper- Signed lower right- 1113/16 x 81/2 in.

THE PROVENANCE THEY GIVE FOR THE DRAWING:

Une attestation du Wildenstein Institute, n° 091008/11018/2326, en date du 8 octobre 2009, sera remis à l'acquéreursee.

Translation:
A CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY OR DECLARATION (IN FRENCH THE WORD ATTESTATION CAN HAVE BOTH MEANINGS) OF THE WILDENSTEIN INSTITUTE Nº 091008/11018/2326 WITH THE DATE OF THE 8TH OCTOBER 2009 WILL BE SENDED TO THE BUYER.

Link to the auction house: http://www.cornette.auction.fr
The results of the sale:

Estimated: $ 85.962 - $ 114.616 USD
Result: Bought In / unsold

His opinion is not trusted by the french market or it was expensive ????
Or they have finally discovered and accepted it is not going to be a catalogue of drawings ????
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Later it went for sale in ARTPRICE. ( informed it has a wildenstein certificate no mention on Restellini)

I asked for the price but never recived an answer...
A QUESTION WHERE DID IT COME FROM? IS THE NAME WILDENSTEIN ENOUGH INFORMATION TO SOLVE ANY DOUBTS?
HOW CAN IT HAVE A NUMBER IF THERE IS NOT GOING TO BE ANY CATALOGUE OF DRAWINGS?

The Art Newspaper June, 2002:
Last year in Paris, Marc Restellini abandoned his catalogue raisonné of Modigliani drawings, claiming that he had had death threats and that other sorts of pressure had been put on him, including an attempt to bribe his parents.  external link >>

Osvaldo Patani the third expert said to the art newspaper in June,2002:
"---Dr. Patani who claims Mr. Restellini, "has authenticated drawings which I do not accept as genuine. Of course, every scholar has a right to his own opinion."    external link >>

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Christian Parisot, recently discovered a "lost" drawing he recalled as  totally real and beyond suspicion:

THIS IS NOT MY OPINION, JUST THE RAW DATA HE PRESENTED:

Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920)
Saint Agatha
Ink on paper

Parisot give this provenance:
LOST
Back of a letter.

"HIS DAUGHTER JEANNE SAID TO ME IT WAS FROM HIS FATHER" sic...

" She made an authentication in 1970.
numbered: 113/19"

Lost since that date to past months?


Interesting.
Modigliani a militant JEW, painting saints on the back of old letters ( the paper comes from 1887) did he convert to catholicism?, in his last year? where did he get a letter that at that time was 32 years old? how many mysteries...

(I read somewhere he presented himself as Italian, artist and jew.)


I guess that the most interested museum for this work would be a catholic one, of the type of the Vatican Museum, the only Religious work by the greatest modern italian Artists, what an interesting acquisition.

L'Osservatore Romano - 8 dec 2010 by Sandro Barbagallo :
Many doubts on Sant'Agata "by" Modigliani
Hastily attributed to painter, found behind a letter from 1879..  external link >>

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So if you ever own or wanted to own a drawing by Modigliani, just remember that the main museums have a large bunch of them "in storage"...

No matter if it is Sotheby's/Christie's/local auction/E-bay/flea market or the best gallery from New York, Paris, London be aware of the real circumstances in drawings, you can only rely on a perfect provenance, old sales and lots of older publications of it, and even in that case...

Anyway if you think that you can trust your dealership because it has a large, trustful position or is one of the oldest and most prestigious ones in the market, do a little search for news on one of the most venerable, respected and important galleries: Knoedler & Co.

1.- Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the Knoedler Forgery Debacle .. LINK
2.- GLG's Lagrange Says Knoedler Sold $17 Million Fake Pollock .. LINK
3.- Just-Closed 165-Year-Old Upper East Side Gallery Sued for Selling Fakes .. LINK
4.- 165-Year-Old Knoedler & Company Gallery Closes Suddenly .....LINK
5.- Motherwell Painting Declared A Forgery.....LINK
6.- Art dealers accused of selling fake Motherwells .. LINK
7.- Possible Forging of Modern Art Is Investigated ....LINK

If this can happen to probably the must respected and reputed one, go on and trust others...


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