the man his art On the experts Fakes & Forgeries On the market
from Born to Venice Drawings Past experts Myth and reality on his fakes The market
Arrival to Paris Sculpture Catalogues done in the past Famous forgers trust in the market?
Becoming an artist Painting Actual /Living experts known and undoubted fakes Auctions & Modigliani
on the path All the attributed works Catalogues of actual experts how to detect a fake Galleries & Museums
The artist Exhibitions during his lifetime How should an expertise must be done what to do with forgeries and forgers Famous collectors fromt the past to actual times
The myth Exhibitions until today News on the experts Art Historians, a trustable source? News on the market
Selected bibliography on him News on his art References  and Bibliography on the experts references on fakes & forgeries references & links on the market


Here the "French invention" shows the deepest point of the practice...


So let's go...

- How many Catalogue Raisonné's are in Modigliani?-

By the moment 5, in chronological order:

  1. Amedeo Modigliani : catalogo generale.
    Patani, Osvaldo
    Milan : Leonardo Editore, 1991-1994.
    OUT OF PRINT SO IT IS ONLY AVAILABLE IN USED BOOKSTORES.
    LISTS 349 WORKS (PAINTING)
    PRICE COMPLETE (3 VOL): $1001 USD

    IFAR TEXT ON THE CATALOGUE:
    The catalogue cites number, title, date, medium, dimensions, location, provenance, exhibitions, and bibliography; however,
    there are no comments accompanying the respective entries
    . The author lists 349 works, and states he has excluded certain works he deems "harmful" to the artist's repute. The appendices include lists of principal exhibitions by date, an
    essential bibliography, list of exhibition catalogues, and indices of works.


    CONSULT IT HERE >>
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  2. Modigliani by Parisot.
    Parisot, Christian
    Many editors
    Four volumes published to date.
    The first two were published in 1990 and 1992 respectively, the third in 2006, the imprint varies, 4th unknown date.
    1. Dessins, aquarelles.
    2. Peintures, dessins, aquarelles.
    3. Dessins, aquarelles.
    4. Témoignages.
    - TO SEE HOW MANY ADDITIONS AND PUBLICATION HE DOES, CLICK HERE
    OUT OF PRINTING SO IT IS ONLY AVAILABLE IN USED BOOKSTORES.
    LISTS UNKNOWN NUMBER OF WORKS IN PAINTING, I JUST HAVE SEEN:
    1991 - Modigliani, Catalogue Raisonné Tome II. by Christian Parisot
    Editions Graphis Arte 1991, edited by Giorgio and Guido Guastalla.
    IN TOTAL: 271 PAINTINGS IN VOL II AND 35 MORE IN EXHIBITS (AND BELIEVE ME IT MUST BE MANY MORE BY HIM).91 - M
    PRICE COMPLETE (4 VOL?): TOTALLY UNKNOWN, VOL 1: $ 670 USD - VOL 2: $ 405 USD - VOL 3: $ 2,950 USD OR $ 365 USD - VOL 4:??


    CONSULT IT HERE (part)
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  3. Modigliani, 1884-1920 : catalogue raisonné : sa vie, son oeuvre complet, son art.
    Lanthemann, J.
    Barcelona : Gráficas Condal, 1970.
    OUT OF PRINT SO IT IS ONLY AVAILABLE IN USED BOOKSTORES.
    LISTS 420 WORKS (PAINTING) IN THE C. R. IN THE OTHER PUBLICATION I HAVE NO IDEA...
    PRICE: $ 75 USD
    (FOR THE MAIN BOOK THE SECOND ONE PUBLISHED WITH JEANNE AND PARISOT IS WORTH $ 40 USD )
    IFAR TEXT ON THE CATALOGUE:
    Individual entries give catalogue number, title, date, dimensions, descriptions of the coloration, and some locations. It does not, however, provide individual bibliographical, exhibition, or provenance information.

    CONSULT IT HERE >>


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  4. Modigliani Catalogue Raisonne by Ceroni (1958, 1965)
    Ceroni, Ambrogio
    Milan : Edizioni del Milione, 1958- Catalogue originally issued in two-parts.
    The first published in 1958, covers paintings IN COLLABORATION WITH LUNIA CZECHOWSKA ; IT LISTED 156 PAINTINGS
    The second, published in 1965, presents drawings, sculpture, and some paintings. NO MORE CZECHOWSKA ; FROM 157 TO 222 PAINTINGS
    The last one also edited as Rizzoli, Milan 1970. LISTED FROM 223 TO 337 PAINTINGS
    - Amedeo Modigliani, peintre.
    - Amedeo Modigliani, dessins et sculptures avec suite du catalogue illustré des peintres.
    - I dipinti di Modigliani.
    OUT OF PRINT SO IT IS ONLY AVAILABLE IN USED BOOKSTORES.
    LISTS IN TOTAL 337 WORKS (PAINTING).
    PRICE: $ 17.80 USD
    (1970-CERONI ) - 1965 EDITION $ 350 USD - 1958 EDITION $ 395 USD.

    CONSULT IT HERE >>

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  5. Modigliani et son oeuvre. Étude critique et catalogue raisonné.
    Pfannstiel, Arthur
    Paris : La Bibliothèque des Arts, 1956., PREVIOUSLY A CATALOGUE PRESUME (PRESUNT) IN 1929.
    OUT OF PRINT SO IT IS ONLY AVAILABLE IN USED BOOKSTORES.
    LISTS 370 WORKS (PAINTING) BUT NOT SURE SINCE i HAVE NOT SEEN IT DIRECTLY.
    PRICE: $ 230 USD
    (FOR THE "PRESUME" 1929 BOOK) AND THE 1956 EDITION: $ 900 USD
    IFAR TEXT ON THE CATALOGUE:
    The catalogue provides number; title; medium and support; dimensions; signature information; provenance; and bibliographical, collection, and exhibition information. Individual Entries Contain: Provenance; Exhibit. Hist; Bibliography. when available
    The author wrote one of the earlier catalogue raisonné's on the artist, a "catalogue présumé", first published in Paris in 1929. Neither the 1929 edition nor the subsequent 1956 publication were extensively illustrated, but they are still viable reference sources.



    CONSULT IT HERE (in process) >>

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- To this 5 we can think of adding a 6th one-

Title unknown at this time
Paintings
Restellini, Marc.
Sponsor: Wildenstein Institute

ACTUALLY IS A TOTAL DOUBT IF IT WILL SEE THE LIGHT SOMEDAY...
HE INFORMED IT WILL LIST 400 WORKS (PAINTING) BUT NOT SURE SINCE IS TOTALLY UNTRUSTABLE WHAT HE SAY IN INTERVIEWS CHANGES QUITE OFTEN...
PRICE:
YOU CAN GUESS...
IFAR TEXT ON THE CATALOGUE:

Artist: Modigliani, Amedeo
Medium/Scope: Paintings
Author Type: Individuals working with a committee
Author: Restellini, Marc
Committee Member 1: Wildenstein, Guy
Committee Member 2: Restellini, Marc
Primary Sponsor Type: Foundation/Artist Estate/Institute
Primary Sponsor: Wildenstein Institute
Date Begun: 1997
Volumes: 1
Publication Date: 2011
Format: Book
Related to a Published Catalogue: no
Contact Information: Ms  Marie-Christine Maufus - Wildenstein Institute - 57, rue La Boetie - Paris, France 75008
33 145616161 - mc.maufus@wildenstein-institute.fr
Preferred Contact Method: Email to Primary Contact
Reviewing: Currently reviewing works for inclusion
Fee: Yes; Unspecified
????
CONSULT IT HERE (you can see a big part of it)


........................................................................................................................................................................................................
- But the main question, the actual ones fulfill the requirements to call it Raisonné?-
 

Expected contents of a catalogue raisonné, an ideal one should provide the following:

- dark gray what it's supposed.
- light gray the reality.

ALl the artworks of the artist:
impossible.
Title:
ALMOST IMPOSSIBLE (how many lost or jeanne hébuterne works?, and another question is the title given by the artist, the dealer, the public, the owner, etc. correct, should it be mentioned if not?).
Images:
ALMOST IMPOSSIBLE (lost or unknown or hidden).
Medium i.e. oil, watercolor, etching, etc.
QUITE EASY IF YOU ACCESS THE WORKS LIVE, BUT IF they are not accessible, THEN IT'S IMPOSSIBLE.
Dimensions:
for works on paper the dimensions may include image size, plate size where applicable, and paper size.
IMPOSSIBLE, EVEN THE AUCTION HOUSES THAT HAVE DIRECT ACCESS CHANGE MEASURES AS THEY GO FROM ONE TO ANOTHER AUCTION.
For prints, a description of the various states (i.e. each time the artist modified the matrix from which the print was made) and a description of each edition of the various states.
do you think some of them will dare (having in mind modigliani never did one)...
A discussion of related works (where applicable) by the same or other artists and in some cases a commentary by a curator as to what the artist is exploring in the work.
SOUNDS EASY, you can fit in many things so this could probably be yes
Provenance (the names of former owners, dealers who were involved in the sale of the piece, and shows where the piece has been exhibited.) This may give some credibility to the authenticity of the work.
PURE LOGIC, BUT ALMOST IMPOSSIBLE, MANY THINGS TO HIDE, lost OR simply unknown (thinking they know).
List of the literature ("literaturverzeichnis") that discusses the work
IF THEY DON'T HAVE TO MENTION EACH OTHER, THIS ASPECT CAN BE SOLVED....
Condition reports. This only applies to unique items such as oils or watercolors. With multiples (e.g. prints, some cast works, etc.) the condition would not be reported unless the pieces were of extreme scarcity.
NOT IMPOSSIBLE, BUT UNPROBABLY TO FIND IT ACCURATE, anyway lest's be indulgent...
In addition, the catalogue often should contain:
An introductory essay discussion of the artist's life (gen .shorter than a whole monograph on the artist)
yes more or less accurate even the worst can solve the question.
Disputed, questionable and spurious works
in actual dates, impossible...
Example signatures
easy if you have clear what is real and what is a fake..
Indices, listing each work should contain:
current location (city/museum) or owner
no matter how accurate it could be. in 2 years or so, it will have to be updated.
it's impossible in any modern to contemporary, maybe in huge old masters with all works in museums.
scholars who have commented on it
THEY DON'T HAVE TO MENTION EACH OTHER so it is impossible...
Easy access or diffusion:
accessibility:
this sounds easy but when you have to print 5 volumes of 300 pages each, and only 2,000 units printed then it is by nature a very limited product.
availability:
this sounds easy but when each edition cost 500 usd (the cheap ones) and the author does not provide one for free to the main public libraries, it becomes quite a rare to find book...
duration:
a book can last many years, but just one change of owners, a robbery, or finding a lost work. then it must be updated (the 5 volumes and 1500 pages) so it is a nonsense.
the result is:

YES  
No

-3 possible against 15 impossible-

Even worst...


OK once we admit we have a problem, what is the solution?



ON-LINE CATALOGUE RAISONNÉ USING SCIENCE


· An Intensive use of science to first state clear the real and the "not so".
· Known art works by an artist can be on the web while other additional pieces become available.
· Titles can be added or changed as soon as historical information become available.
· Information on each artwork can be added to the site as it become available.
· Images can be added to the site as they become available.
· Comparison or historical relation to others can be easily added and increased or updated.
· Error or omission can be rectified instantly.
· High quality images can be downloaded on demand.
· Using science and not medium skills, fakes and forgeries can be stated clearly with no lawsuits.
· The easy access of an on-line catalogue allows it to develop (and be seen) so this may imply new information to appear.
· Online catalogues do not go out of print.
· Online catalogues are free to see and consult.

In summary:
Yes, it can be the work of a life. but it will be well done, accessible, updated, trustable, useful, the problem is that they are not going to let nobody see the information they claim to have...

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................

- I love this kind of pre-lost tasks-
maybe it's my jewish/christian education...