the man his art On the experts Fakes & Forgeries On the market
from Born to Venice Drawings Past experts Myth and reality on his fakes The market
Arrival to Paris Sculpture Catalogues done in the past Famous forgers trust in the market?
Becoming an artist Painting Actual /Living experts known and undoubted fakes Auctions & Modigliani
on the path All the attributed works Catalogues of actual experts how to detect a fake Galleries & Museums
The artist Exhibitions during his lifetime How should an expertise must be done what to do with forgeries and forgers Famous collectors fromt the past to actual times
The myth Exhibitions until today News on the experts Art Historians, a trustable source? News on the market
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1918

34 years

This year is marked by the trip to the south of France and the production of another series of nudes during the first months.

In March his health worsened and the lack of materials and basic foods became a serious problem.

The German lines were so close to Paris that they could attack with a cannon known as "Big Bertha" (Howitzer) with the ability to hit Paris, so many people decided to escape from the city.


Big Bertha firing at Paris and an image of the damages caused. Source: LINK
In April Hébuterne is pregnant so they decide to move down south to be in a safe place.

Picasso, Matisse, Leger, all of the main names are out for the moment so Zborowski decides to get his main investments out of Paris and send them to Nice, mixing a health problem with a lack of basics.

Modigliani and Hébuterne arrive in Nice with the intention of selling their production to rich tourists (not many at that time...) with Foujita and Soutine
.
Amedeo Modigliani and his dealer Paul Guilliaume in
Nice at the Blv. des Anglais in 1918. Source: LINK
(zbo was his dealer, but using guilliaume gallery, zbo didn't have a gallery of his own until he sold a lot of modigliani's later...)
Guilliaume, Modigliani and Rachel Osterlind Source: LINK

His paintings evolve with the bright colors of the south (a common mantra repeated by all art historians that should be changed since his palette shows the same light colors used previous to the trip and he was not from Oslo, he came from a more southerly place than Nice...).

Avoiding the effect of the south or the war in his painting, this period is much more related to the peace that his relationship with Hébuterne and a regular income brings to his life, from this period the bohemian myth gets lost, it is a period of work & calm.

Production is dominated by Hébuterne portraits, shop girls, children, peasants, maids and a few social portraits and also the 4 fully accepted landscapes.

While in Nice he lives in the Hotel Tarelli.

An armistice is signed with Germany on November 11th, and little Jeanne is born the 29th, the child is inscribed in the registry as of  father unknown because Modigliani lost his wallet & papers.

In December Guilliaume exhibits in his gallery 4 paintings by Modigliani and from this year until his death the number of mentions and exhibitions of his work increases rapidly, he is now on the right track and bordering on fame.

He ends the year in Nice.

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1919

35 years


Spends January in Nice waiting to receive his papers to be able to travel to Paris again and he stays there until May.  Then he changes to the house of Rachel Osterlind "La Riante" in Cannes, where he meets Renoir.

Two drawings by Modigliani appear next to an article by Fry in the the Burlington magazine in January.

In March the works by Modigliani in the collection of Eugene Descaves are sold at auction at the Hotel Drouot in Paris.

At the end of May his papers arrive so he can return to Paris (to 8 Rue de la Grand Chaumiere), Jeanne is again pregnant so she and the baby will remain in the south.

He exhibits in London in July (it is not clear if he traveled there or not).

Hébuterne at Modigliani's atelier in 1919, Source: LINK
JJean Hébuterne Ca. 1919/20, Source: LINK

The 7th of July he makes a marriage contract with Hébuterne on a common piece of paper (the real question is only between themselves, we can just make stupid speculations if that meant they were husband & wife or if it was something fabricated by others at a later stage...)

The 15th of July an article on his work appears in L'Eventail: Revue de Litterature et d'Art published in Switzerland.

In August he exhibits again in London at Mansard gallery (9 paintings and 50 drawings).

In September again in London at Hill gallery with great success ( in sales, public and critiques.)

In September there is a new article on Modigliani in the Burlington magazine and in the Fall Art and Letters reproduces another drawing.

He finishes the year showing 4 paintings at the Salon d' Automne.

In November Les Arts a Paris reproduces La Jolie Fille Rousse and in December there are at least another 3 publications in New York, London and Paris.

His name is a must to the rest of the avant garde, his work is easy to sell and his dealer starts to take care of him being sure that he has enough material and models to paint.

During this period his health gets worse and his behavior is strange and erratic, some biographers explain this using the reason of his death, tubercular meningitis, the infection has various stages and during one of the last a total transformation of conduct appears.

This could explain some of the myths that later the rest of the biographers showed as examples of how stoned or drunk he was...

Probably one key figure would be Hébuterne.
Biographers tend to show her as a static figure, but we have to try to see her in the perspective of the life she lived: a very young woman trying to survive in the midst of a constant turmoil.
Some of them even waste time on stupid speculations on the relationship (one even says that the late paintings show that the relation was at its end because he didn't portray her as "sexy" as in the first ones - for God's sake, she was 9 month pregnant!!!-) but that is just something that there is no one left to tell the truth about.
Modigliani, Ca.1919/1920, Source: LINK

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1920

36 years

His health worsens to a point of no return, he is found unconscious and taken to the Hospital de la Charité on Friday 23rd of January, and the next day the 24th he dies of tubercular meningitis.

On his easel is found the Varvarogli portrait, unfinished.

Modigliani's Grave at Pere lachaise

Modigliani's death mask at the Norton Simon Foundation, Pasadena Calif. Source: LINK

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